Artichoke, Cynara cardunculus, Αγκινάρα
Alterative, diuretic and diaphoretic. One of the best blood purifiers. In all skin diseases, it is a certain remedy and has effected a cure in many cases of eczema
The Artichoke is a native of the Mediterranean region, used since ancient times as food. Historical records show that it was known and cultivated as food in ancient Greece, Egypt and Roman Empire.
Besides being a very popular vegetable, it is also used for medicinal purposes. Reported to be one of the vegetables that contains the highest amount of antioxidants, the Artichoke is also known to aid digestion, improve gall bladder and liver function as well as reduce cholesterol levels.
It is known to be very effective in reducing the risk of coronary heart disease and arteriosclerosis. Studies show that the vegetable has the ability to increase the ratio of HDL to LDL.
The vegetable contains a number of bioactive agents such as luteolin and apigenin, which aid and promote the growth of the “good” gut bacteria. This effect is further enhanced by the presence of phenolic compounds, which effectively arrest the breeding of pathogenic bacteria.
Artichoke is also used for treating irritable bowel syndrome and helps people suffering from functional dyspepsia.
The pulp of the leaves contain a chemical known as Cynara, which by inhibiting the function of the taste buds makes everything taste sweet.